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An Unusual Dog Ear Tip for Folding Machines


Dog ears can be a thorn in the side of folding machine operators. Sometimes a simple turn of the dial to adjust the inside panel fold length is all that’s needed to fix it. Other times it seems dog ear inside panelnothing will work. I would sometimes feel like it was a conspiracy of everyone from the designer through pressroom to see how creative, clever and experienced I really was. In true adherence to Murphy’s Laws, the problem was always at its worse when there was the least amount of time to fix it. I vaguely recall a trucker once standing by, pallet jack at hand, fingers tapping, chiding me to just run the job, problems or no, and pack it so he could get home in time for dinner.

score perf diagram250Brian Dickson of Gazette Printers ran into a dog ear problem running what should have been a routine 8.5x11 letter-fold piece on 80# Cover. The problem arose when the guillotine cutter operator mistakenly trimmed half the job so the inside panel was 1/8” too short. The job was also pre-scored and perforated, making it impossible to cheat a little here and there by moving the folds around. The end result: severe bent corners, also commonly called ‘dog ears’.

Dickson tried all the usual and unusual solutions on his MBO and Baum folding machines. He also tried one of my favorite techniques, described in detail here in a previous Bindery Success Blog article. The technique described in the article works like a charm for most dog ear problems. It was taught to me by an old-timer many years ago, but only after several years of suffering!

In this case however, the problem was made worse because the sheet had several perforations as shown in the diagram. The perfed boxes at the bottom of the sheet (the inside panel) made it difficult to manipulate that panel without ripping the perfs.

inline tandem right angleNext he decided to try something you might not normally try on a letter fold. Dickson set up his Baumfolder so the 8 page right angle section was running straight out from the parallel section instead of at a right angle. (drawing at lower right) Fold #1 was done in the first unit and fold #2 in the right angle unit. He hoped that by doing this, the first fold and inside panel would be flattened just enough to make the second fold possible.

The technique worked and they were able to finish the job without dog ears and without ripped perforations! I think there were probably two things at work here.

  • First, the trip through additional fold rollers did indeed flatten the inside panel and squeeze the fold just enough to prevent it from popping open and causing dog ears.
  • Second, as all folder operators know, the fold rollers will impart a slight curl to cover stock as it travels through the fold rollers. This can either have a positive or a negative impact, depending on the specifics of the job. We can’t know for sure, but it’s certainly possible that in this case the curling effect was a benefit. It might have removed a slight curl by curling in the opposite direction. Or it could have added a slight curl in a direction that was beneficial to preventing dog ears.

In any event, it worked. Doing the two folds in two separate sections obviously increased the factors at work on the sheet. We know that extra time and distance traveled in a folding machine means there are more opportunities for scratching, scuffing, and jamming. Usually we try to avoid doing this on folders and most other bindery equipment. Yet in this case, it proved to be the perfect opportunity to eliminate the problem. That’s something to keep in mind when you’re faced with your next ‘insoluble’ folding problem!

Thank you Brian for submitting this tip. It’s another great illustration of the inventiveness and persistence that are the traits of good bindery equipment operators. (Last week’s article touched on the same subject with a clever folding solution submitted by another Bindery Success™ reader. You can read it here.)

Please feel free to share this article with your colleagues using the buttons at left or at the top of the page. And as always, we welcome your comments, stories and feedback below.


Another good fix is to "paper the plate". That is to add a folded piece of paper (folded edge first) into the plate you are folding in and then tape it in place. The folded piece of paper will then act as a spring to hold the panel down while the final fold is made. I wish I could add diagrams to give you a visual. Where I work (17 years) we fold millions of pieces a month and quality is #1 on the priority list followed closely by speed.... This little trick has helped me a LOT of times! :)
Posted @ Friday, March 21, 2014 1:05 PM by Clint
at first blush I would guess that the first fold rack or gate in each unit is inline with the rollers and does not have the sheet bent curved or curled before entering it and folding.
Posted @ Friday, March 21, 2014 1:29 PM by Karl
Clint, yes that's a great tip too for dog ears. We touched on it some time ago in an article. I think maybe it's time to compile all our 'dog ear' tips in one spot. There are lots of them.
Posted @ Friday, March 21, 2014 1:42 PM by Andre Palko
I was shown years ago that if you fold down and down, many times adding an extra piece of paper in the 4th plate would eliminate the dogear as well
Posted @ Monday, March 24, 2014 7:19 AM by Rod Hall
thats an awful lot of trouble to go through. for you stahl users there are shims at the nose of your fold plate i have changed these much thinner several plates on our folders there are little grub screws to adjust plate open after you do this in case you close the plate to much doing this holds the piece flat preventing dog ears. next set up for an 8 pg fold flat through parallel and put in a steel sig score on the leading edge where dog ears occur score the edge of the sheet a little to curl inward this also works great send me your questions if you have any thanks dm.
Posted @ Tuesday, March 25, 2014 10:19 AM by darryl moschelle
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